A Career In the Merchant Navy
A merchant navy or merchant marine is the fleet of merchant vessels that are registered in a country that is a signatory of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), a technical body under the aegis of the United Nations. Seafarers on merchant vessels of various ranks and sometimes members of maritime trade unions, are required by the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch-keeping for Seafarers to carry Merchant Mariner’s Documents.
King George V bestowed the title of the “Merchant Navy” on the British merchant shipping fleets following their service in the First World War; since then a number of other nations have adopted the title.
The birth of the modern Indian merchant navy occurred before independence from the United Kingdom, when on the 5th. Of April, 1919, SS Loyalty sailed from India to Britain. Today, April, 5th is celebrated as our National Maritime Day. Since independence the Indian maritime industry has grown, but not up to expectations. Today, India ranks 22nd in the world in terms of total DWT ranking.
India currently supplies around 12.8% of Officers and around 14.5% of ratings to the world seafaring community. This is one of the highest of any country.
Without shipping the import and export of goods on the scale necessary for the modern world would not be possible. Shipping is regulated globally by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).The harsh nature of the sea exposes ships to considerable physical risk, so a total commitment to safety pervade all deep sea shipping operations. Seaborne trade continues to expand, bringing benefits for consumers across the world through low and decreasing freight costs. Thanks to the growing efficiency of shipping as a mode of transport and increased economic liberalization, the prospects for the industry’s further growth continue to be strong. The robust world economy, fuelled by Chinese and Indian growth, is driving the demand for tonnage to unprecedented heights. Shipyards are flush with shipping tonnage orders for next 5 to 6 years and the level of scrapping old tonnage is at its historical low as the high freight rates continue to make even the old tonnage profitable. There are around 50,000 merchant ships trading internationally, transporting every kind of cargo. The world fleet is registered in over 150 nations, and manned by over a million seafarers of virtually every nationality. The Indians play an important part in providing third party ship management solutions to the Ship owners. The global shipping is increasingly relying on India as a favored source of its current and future seafarer demand, because it acknowledges that India has the means to satisfy the number shortage and the Indian recruitment system provides the strongest foundation for building high standards of skills, initiatives, professionalism and leadership required by the modern seafarers.
Life at sea is not a comfortable break from the routine life. A merchant navy entrant must involve in a rigorous course of the on-the-job learning. They have to pass stipulated examination to get promotions. Additionally, very strong will to withstand and be patient in case the industry itself faces a job scarcity due to recession of any kind in the maritime sector, a candidate must be prepared to accept these kind of challenges in his life. No doubt those who think they can overcome these shortcomings can have immense opportunities in this field. At an early age they can explore the world at someone else’s cost with an attractive remuneration along with world recognition.
A person with a strong mental makeup and tough physical constitution along with a sporting adaptive and adjustable attitude can find at sea one of adventure and fun. Life at sea is not a comfortable break from the routine of academics. A merchant navy entrant must involve in a rigorous course of the on-the-job learning. They have to pass stipulated examination to get promotions. Additionally, very strong will to withstand and be patient in case the industry itself faces a job scarcity due to recession of any kind in the maritime sector, a candidate must be prepared.
MAEER’s Maharashtra Academy of Naval Education and Training more popularly known as MANET was founded in 2001 in the MIT Kothrud Campus to train Cadets to join the Merchant Navy. MANET is approved by Directorate General of Shipping (DG Shipping), Government of India.
MANET shifted to Rajbaug, Loni-Kalbhor in 2004.
MANET offers two streams of curriculum; B.Tech. in Marine Engineering and B.Sc. in Nautical Science.
MANET conducts an entrance examination during the first week of June every year at twenty-five centers around India. Candidates who have passed in the entrance examination are called for interviews as per their merit.
On successful completion the Cadets are awarded a Graduation Certificate by Yeshwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University (YCMOU). The B.Tech Marine Engineering has been affiliated to IMU with effect from July 2015. The Cadets are assisted for their placements on ships of various shipping companies. Most companies come to our campus for placements.
Placed Cadets who pass out are normally required to acquire a minimum sea-time of 12 to 18 months depending on the shipping company’s policy. Once the sea-time is completed the Cadets appear for an oral examination conducted by DG Shipping, Ministry of Transport, Government of India. Successful Cadets are awarded Certificates of Competency so that they can now serve on board merchant ships as Officers. As they gather more and more experience they appear for subsequent examinations and finally become either Chief Engineers or Masters (Captains) of merchant ships.
There are many opportunities for stepping ashore once the Cadets have some experience as Chief Engineers and Masters on board merchant ships.
As our first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru rightfully said, Merchant Seamen are our unofficial ambassadors to the different foreign lands that they visit.
MANET has been awarded A+ (Outstanding) rating during the Comprehensive Inspection Programme initiated by DG Shipping. The audit was conducted by Indian Register of Shipping (IRS).
MANET has also been approved by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Government of Japan. This allows Cadets from MANET to work on board Japanese flagged ships.
MANET has been awarded by Devang Mehta Foundation for best Maritime Training Institute in 2014.
MANET has also been awarded the best Maritime Training Institute by ABP News Channel in 2015.
MANET also provides space to Mitsui OSK Lines for their in-house training. The MANET Cadets are trained on their 360 degree bridge simulator to get a feel of actual ship board operations.
MANET has a Ship-in-Campus which is a fully operational replica of a ship’s engine-room. Our Cadets train in this to get a feel of actual ship board engine-room operations.
MANET has approval for three mandatory STCW courses, namely Emergency First Aid (EFA), Personal Safety and Social Responsibility (PSSR) and Familiarization Training in Ship Security and Anti-Piracy procedures. MANET is in the process of constructing the necessary infrastructure for Fire Fighting and Fire Prevention course (FPFF) and Personal Survival Techniques course (PST).
During a recent poll carried out by the Times of India for the best Engineering Colleges in India, MANET was the only Maritime Institute that was part of the top 100 colleges in India.
MANET also provides numerous value added courses that give our Cadets an edge over their other counterparts.